Dried sections of the meat of the coconut, the kernel of the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Copra is valued for the coconut oil extracted from it and for the resulting residue, coconut-oil cake, which is used mostly for livestock feed


1. Scope
    This Standard applies for copra.

2. References
    - SNI (Indonesia National Standard) 01-3946-1995
    - PNS (Philippine National Standard)/BAFPS
    - MS (Malaysian Standard) 235:1986
    - TIS (Thailand Coconut Industrial Standard) 269-1978

3. Description
           3.1. Definition Copra is the dried kernel of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) by sun drying, direct drying (smoking), kiln drying, or other drying methods.
           3.2. Classification
           Copra is classified into 3 grades:
           3.2.1. Grade A (Superior - edible Copra)
           3.2.2 Grade B (Good quality- export)
           3.2.3. Grade C (Fair quality)

4. Essential Composition and Quality Factors of Copra

Parameter Grade A Grade B Grade C
Moisture (%) Max 6 Max 8 Max 13.90
Oil (%) Min 60 Min 58 Min 55
Free Fatty Acid (%) Max 1 Max 4 Max 5
Color of Meat Clean, white to pale yellow Brown to dark brown Brown to dark brown
Aflatoxin related Mould (ppb) 0 Max 10 Max 15
Foreign Matters (%) Max 0.5 Max 1 Max 2
Wrinkled/Inferior Kernel (%) 0 Max 10 Max 15

5. Food Additives
    None permitted

6. Hygiene
    It is recommended that the product covered by the provisions of this standard shall be in accordance with the appropriate sections of the General  Principles of Food Hygiene recommended by the CODEX Alimentarius Commission (CAC/RCP 1-1969, Rev. 4-2003).

7. Labelling and Packaging
    It is recommended that the process of labelling and packaging of the product covered by the provisions of this standard shall be in accordance with the      appropriate sections of the General Standard for the Labelling of Prepackaged Foods (CODEX STAN 1 – 1985, Rev. 6 - 2008).

8. Methods of Analysis and Sampling
    8.1. Moisture content : Gravimetry
    8.2. Oil content : Soxhlet extraction
    8.3. Free fatty acid content : Titrimetry
    8.4. Foreign matters, mould, wrinkles and color of meat: Visual


  1. Good for heart disease
    The quantity of coconut oil found in copra flesh can enhance beneficial HDL cholesterol and lower harmful LDL cholesterol in the body, consequently decreasing the likelihood of cardiovascular diseases.
  2. Good for diabetes
    Due to its insoluble fiber, copra becomes a food that enhances fullness and aids in successful weight management. Furthermore, the MCT fat present in copra assists in the burning of calories and body fat.
  3. Helps digestive system
    The fiber in the copra contributes to an increase in the amount of stool, helping to eliminate waste products more quickly, thereby supporting intestinal regulation and keeping the digestive system healthy.
  4. Stabilizing blood glucose
    Elements present in copra not only lower blood sugar levels but also alter the properties of gut microorganisms, aiding the body in better blood sugar regulation. Furthermore, incorporating copra into one's diet has demonstrated effects on the body weight of individuals with normal health.
  5. Boost immunity
    Copra, rich in antioxidants and the mineral manganese, fortifies the immune system and notably diminishes inflammation. Moreover, the MCT fat within coconut meat displays potent antifungal, antiviral properties, effectively combating various cancer cells, including those related to bowel, skin, and breast cancers.
  6. Aids brain function
    The medium-chain triglycerides in coconut oil, also known as copra, provide an alternative glucose source, aiding individuals with memory impairment or brain function issues, often associated with Alzheimer's disease

Source :

Copra Quality Improvement And Coconut Timber Utilization : Technology Updates

Copra, coconut oil and copra cake are prime export commodities of many Asia Pacific countries. Copra is produced by drying the fresh coconut meat obtained from the matured nuts then coconut oil is extracted from copra by expeller process or by solvent extraction method. The coconut cake/meal, as by-product, is... read more

Some Techniques And Practices In Copra Making

C opra is the product produced after drying the coconut kernel. Copra and the coconut oil as well as the cake derived from it are a major source of foreign exchange for many coconut growing countries in Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. For several small nations, particularly in the Pacific,... read more

Copra Price Stabilization Schemes In The Pacific

Several copra producing island c o u n tries in the Pacific have operated price stabilization schemes at some time. Experiences have varied from being relatively successful to an expensive disaster. The primary objective of the schem es is to stabilize producer prices. Secondary objectives are to maintain income levels... read more


Coconuts occupy the largest area under any crop in Vanuatu and provide employment and incomes for the majority of the rural population; copra exports have provided far and away the most important source of foreign exchange earnings during most of the past one hundred years, and their position remains paramount.... read more


It is well known that copra manufactured from sub­standard nuts are invariably of poor quality. The reasons that lead to or poor quality are varied, depending on the nature of the defect of the raw material. However, a better understanding of the parameters that cause poor quality can lead to... read more

Design and Development of Semi-Direct Copra Dryer for Flat Terrain

Author: Mencius B. Lesidan

The study was conducted to design and develop a semi-direct dryer for flat terrain. This dryer was designed to provide farmers an alternative to traditional and existing dryers particularly the semi-direct and indirect dryers. The components of the dryer were drying bed, plenum chamber, tunnel... read more

Market Level Price Analysis of Copra Trading in the Philippines

Author : Susan M. Rivera & Flordeliza A. Lantican

The dynamics in market level prices was examined for Philippine copra trading. The analysis of the price formation process in the copra miller-dealer-farmer markets showed that a weak form of market integration characterized the trading of copra resecada between dealers... read more

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