Coir (pronounced COY-er) comes from coconuts. It's what makes up the fibrous husks of the inner shell of the coconut and is used for all sorts of products, including rugs, ropes, brushes, and even upholstery stuffing. You're probably most familiar with it as those stiff, scratchy doormats and the fibrous liners used in hanging baskets. Coir is very rot-resistant, making it perfect for outdoor products. It is also becoming increasingly popular as a potting mix and organic soil amendment.

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Coir is a green alternative to peat moss, which is usually used to retain water. Unlike peat, which takes hundreds of years to form and cannot be sustainably harvested, coconut fibre is always available. This is because short coconut fibre is a by-product of commercial coconut processing in the food industry. In addition, coir decomposes more slowly than peat moss, which means its benefits for water retention and aeration last longer.

In addition to its environmental benefits and longevity, coir also requires low maintenance. Its excellent moisture retention reduces the need for frequent watering, making it an ideal growing medium. Coir is easy to handle, with a smooth texture and no strong odour. When creating a DIY potting mix, coir is an excellent component for improving soil structure

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Metal Coated Coir Fiber for Smart Textile Applications

Thermo regulated textiles attracted attention in cold countries for outdoor activities in extreme winter conditions. Temperature regulation of textiles for use in adverse environmental condition can be achieved by integrating heat regulated natural fibers into textile construction. Coir being an abundantly available, cheap and biodegradable natural fiber seems to be... read more


The mesocarp of the coconut or its husk is the source of coir. Coir fibre has several potential end uses like for the manufacture of various coir products predominantly coir floor coverings, yarn, rope, rubberized coir and latest as geotextile material. Coir is extracted from the coconut husk which is... read more

Characterization and Properties of Sri Lankan Coir Fibre

This study mainly concentrated on revealing the scientific data on the properties of Sri Lankan coir fibre and classifying them into different grades based on scientific parameters instead of visual observations to establish quality specifications for the coir fibre industry in Sri Lanka. Critical parameters were studied for suitability of... read more

ARCHIVES / VOL. 31 NO. 2 (2015): CORD / Articles Improvement in Physical Properties of MMA Grafted Coir Fibres

This work deals with the surface modification of Coir fibre through graft copolymerization process. Graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) onto coir fibre was carried out with Potassium per sulphate (PPS) as an initiator under the catalytic influence of Ferrous ammonium sulphate (FAS) in aqueous medium. Control and grafted coir... read more

Coir-Krishimithra: An Apposite Medium for Cultivation of Vegetable/ Medicinal/ Ornamental Plants

Coir pith is a by-product of the coir fibre processing industry. Accumulation of coir pith leads to an environmental concern and its management is a major problem with all coir industrialists. Therefore biodegradation of coir pith is an essential requirement to control pollution. Coir pith is a potential wealth and... read more

Azolla & Soya Hulls-Substitutes for Urea in Coir Pith Composting Using Pleurotus Sajor Caju

Bio composting process is the available means of converting various organic wastes generated from the industry and the agricultural sectors into beneficial products such as biofertilizers and as a soil conditioners. The unique feature of these agricultural wastes are their organic content, pH, and high C: N ratio. Coir pith... read more

Quantitative Evaluation of the Production of Ligninolytic Enzymes- Lignin Peroxidase and Manganese Peroxidase by P. Sajor Caju During Coir Pith Composting

Coir is the natural hard fruit fibre extracted from the exocarp of the coconut. The fibre has over 40 percent lignin and is spun into yarn and rope. Coir is used globally for manufacturing floor coverings as home furnishing. The Coir Industry enjoys the status as the largest cottage industry... read more

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